Before discussing U.S. motive behind its persistent anti-Yasukuni Shrine instigation, we will have to briefly review the history of colonization of Asia by the west that crucially and inevitably determined Japan’s course of action to follow for almost 100 years from the last half of the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
Japan, although her shores were closed to the world for more than two hundred years (1641-1854), had constantly updated on the conditions surrounding Japan and technological advancements in the west through the limited channels that remained open to the west.
Therefore, Japan was well aware of the miserable conditions prevailing in the colonized Asian nations. Japan was obviously and firmly determined to dodge their brutal advancement into her sacred lands by conversely increasing her intercourse with the west, through which she had quickly absorbed technologies and knowledge at the cost of her gold reserves and some of her long-preserved traditions. The slogan the Government of Japan upheld at the time of the Meiji Restoration was “Catch up with and exceed the west!” and otherwise there will be no future for Japan. She was obviously faced with growing military threats from Great Britain, Russia, France, Netherlands, U.S.A. Germany, etc.
As evidenced in the history of colonization in Asia, those colonialists expanded their vicious and greedy clout into Asia. Great Britain completed her control over India just 10 years before the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Burma in 1886, and the Malay Peninsula in 1909. France took Vietnam by force in 1887. Netherlands officially colonized Indonesia in 1904. U.S.A. annexed Hawaii in 1898, and seized the Philippines the same year. Russia was posing a great threat to Japan in those years. They were nothing but militaristic to satisfy their hungry stomachs.
to report on their achievements to the people in their countries
At the outset of Japan’s modernization, the growing military threats were so complex as those colonialists vied for supremacy in Asia, threatening to colonize Japan, China (some parts of China were already colonized by the west), and Korea (a vassal state of China). The colonization is a major factor that made Japan resolve to compete with the western powers so as to avoid the imminent colonization by the west. Her determination was based on her thorough and constant observation of those colonized by the west in Asia and also based on her bitter experience with the western powers on a number of occasions, demanding Japan not only to open her door to the west but also to accept the unequal treaties at gunpoint.
Japan’s victory over Russia in 1905 was not only a big surprise to the west but also the dawn of the Asian era, during which the Asian nations had witnessed the modernized Japan quickly catching up with the west who had been brutally ruling most of Asia for centuries.
Despite Japan’s strenuous efforts, there implacably remained injustice and racial discrimination against the Asian race by the west for the purpose of exploiting Asia and its people.
Intensely dissatisfied with the racial inequality the white dominant international community had continued to neglect, Japan viewed the Paris Peace Conference held in 1919 after the World War I as the best opportunity to voice her opinion and to seek a universal approval on “racial equality”, thus making one of the most significant proposals in the history of mankind, called “Racial Equality Clause”.
The Japanese delegation to the Paris peace conference
Count Nobuaki Makino
The head of the Japanese Delegation
Notwithstanding her earnest desire for the inclusion of “racial equality clause” in the Covenant of the League of Nations on 13 February, 1919 as an amendment to Article 21, the United States of America and Australia (self-governing dominion of the British Empire) strongly opposed the world’s first proposal made by Japan.
Namely the 28th president of U.S.A. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (Wilson was "deeply racist in his thoughts and politics" and his administration racially segregated federal employees and the Navy.-Wikipedia) who chaired the conference flatly turned down Japan’s proposal, saying that although the proposal had been approved by a clear majority, that in this particular matter, strong opposition had manifested itself, and that on this issue a unanimous vote would be required.
The 28th president of U.S.A. Thomas Woodrow Wilson
The proposal received a majority vote on the day. 11 of the 17 delegates present voted in favor of its amendment to the charter, and no negative vote was taken. The votes for the amendment tallied thus:
The U.S. opposition resulted not only in strong dissatisfaction among the Japanese public but also elicited such extensive riots as Red Summer riot (Omaha Race riot), Chicago Race riot,, Elain Race riot, etc. in the United States.
- Japan (2) Yes
- France (2) Yes
- Italy (2) Yes
- Brazil (1) Yes
- Republic of China (1) Yes
- Greece (1) Yes
- Serbia (1) Yes
- Czechoslovakia (1) Yes
Total: 11 Yes
- British Empire (2) - Not Registered
- United States (2) - Not Registered
- Portugal (1) - Not Registered
- Romania (1) - Not Registered
- Belgium (2) – Absent -Wikipedia
The white Americans pose for a photograph after they burned
an African American Mr. Will Brown to death during Red Summer Riot
An African American man was stoned to death
Elain Race Riot